摘要:你有没有想过人为什么会做梦,心态学家弗洛伊德梦的解析中就阐述了关于梦的产生和解析方法。此外弗洛伊德精神分析理论也是他典型的理论之一。一、弗洛伊德梦的解析1、弗洛伊德梦的解析观点包括:1.1、梦的动机:梦是欲望的满足,人们有所希望,不能在现实中实现,故而寄托于梦境。1.2、梦

你有没有想挑球怎么会作梦,心理状态学者弗洛伊德梦的解析中就论述了有关梦的造成和分析方式 。除此之外弗洛伊德精神分析基础理论也是他典型性的基础理论之一。

弗洛伊德精神分析的具体内容

一、弗洛伊德梦的解析

1、弗洛伊德梦的解析见解包含:

1.1、梦的主观因素:梦是冲动的考虑,大家有一定的期待,不可以在实际中完成,因此寄予于梦镜。

1.2、梦的主题及来源于:关键的客观事实历经和精神实质历经。

1.3、梦的工作中全过程:凝缩;搬移;拼装。

2、梦的解析方式

将梦切分,从每一个关键点中推论其所意味着的含意,随后将各式各样的含意小结起來,得到作梦者的真正用意。

例如:一个女人自诉梦镜:“看见了卡尔(其侄儿)死在我的眼前,他躺在小棺木里,双手交叉地放到眼前,他周边点燃焟烛。这场景就和小伯特(卡尔的亲哥哥)死时一样,他的死一件事而言真的是当头一棒。”

情况:此女人从小缺失爸爸妈妈,由其亲姐姐养育长大了,之后她爱上了姐姐的一个教授盆友,但因亲姐姐的抵制不可以与之携手并肩。小伯特人死之后没多久,即离去亲姐姐独立生活。她心里挂念这位教授,因亲姐姐的抵制沒有与他再贴近过。

弗洛伊德精神分析的具体内容

周公解梦:伯特葬礼那一天此女人又看到了这位教授,假如如今卡尔去世,此女会返回亲姐姐身旁,教授也会去亲姐姐处吊孝,就可以见到教授了。

表述:女人所期待的并不是的卡尔的去世,是重见教授。梦的剧情一般是对以往客观事实(尤其是关键的,让人感触很深的客观事实历经)的更新改造,并不是无故妄想的。因此女人在梦里剧情选择了侄儿葬礼这一事情,达到与教授的重见。

3、梦的解析方式

3.1、代表法

把梦的內容当做一个总体,寻找能够了解的,与原先內容在一些层面有类似的此外一种事情去替代它。但这类方式 碰到不能了解且错乱不堪的事情时,就无法表述了。

3.2、编解码法

把梦看作一个登陆密码系统软件。在梦里的每一种物品全是实际中某类物品的借喻,在梦里的每一种姿势个人行为都固定不动地与在梦里所期待的姿势个人行为相匹配。弗洛伊德注重“切分梦全过程中各关键点”的观念。

弗洛伊德精神分析的具体内容

二、弗洛伊德精神分析基础理论

弗洛伊德精神分析基础理论的基本是他的在潜意识中论,弗洛伊德恰好是顺着这条案件线索,逐渐发展趋势、健全了他的精神分析理论,它是人们自我认识过程中的辉煌成就。

1、研究对象

精神分析并不是科学研究一切正常的人,只是医治紊乱的人,比如变态行为、人格特质紊乱等难题。

2、研究方向

精神分析并不是偏重于科学研究传统式心态学如认知、逻辑思维等显观念心理状态难题,只是著重讨论在潜意识中、肉欲、主观因素及人格特质等更多方面的內容,故又把它称之为深层心态学。

3、特性

基础理论与心理状态资询与医治有著紧密的关联,它即是心理状态资询的一个关键基础理论,又给心理状态资询与医治出示了实际的具体指导和执行的方式 。

Whether you want to pick the ball or not, how can you dream? Freud, a psychological state scholar, discusses the cause and analysis of dreams. In addition, Freud's basic theory of psychoanalysis is also one of his typical basic theories.

1、 An analysis of Freud's dream
1. Freud's interpretation of dreams includes:
1.1 subjective factors of dreams: dreams are impulsive considerations. People have certain expectations and can't complete them in practice. Therefore, they place their hopes on the dream mirror.
1.2. The theme and source of dream: the key experience of objective facts and spiritual essence.
1.3 the whole process of dream work: condensation; moving; assembly.
2. The way of dream analysis
Divide the dream, infer the meaning from each key point, and then summarize all kinds of meanings to get the real intention of the dreamer.
For example, a woman said to herself, "I saw Carl (his nephew) die in front of my eyes. He was lying in a small coffin with his hands crossed in front of me. He lit a candle around him. This scene is the same as when little Bert (Carl's brother) died. His death is really a blow to the head. "
Situation: this woman has no parents since childhood, and was raised by her sister. Later, she fell in love with a professor friend of her sister, but she can't join hands with her sister because of her resistance. Not long after his death, little Bert left his sister to live on his own. She was worried about the professor, because her sister's resistance did not get close to him.

Duke Zhou's dream: on the day of Burt's funeral, the woman saw the professor again. If Carl died now, the woman would return to her elder sister, and the professor would go to her elder sister's place to mourn, so she could see the professor.
Statement: what women expect is not Carl's death, but to see the professor again. The plot of a dream is generally a renovation of the past objective facts (especially the key and deeply touching objective facts), which is not unreasonably delusional. Therefore, in her dream, the woman chooses the funeral of her nephew to meet the professor again.
3. The way of dream analysis
3.1 representative method
Take the content of the dream as a whole, and look for another thing that can be understood and is similar to the original content at some levels to replace it. But this kind of way can't express when it comes to things that can't be understood and confused.
3.2 encoding and decoding method
Think of dream as a login password system software. Every object in the dream is a metaphor for a certain kind of object in reality, and every posture in the dream matches the expected posture in the dream. Freud paid attention to the concept of "dividing the key points in the whole process of dreams".

2、 Freud's basic theory of Psychoanalysis
The basic theory of Freud's psychoanalysis is his theory in the subconscious. Freud gradually developed and perfected his psychoanalysis theory along this case clue, which is a brilliant achievement in the process of people's self-knowledge.
1. Research objects
Psychoanalysis is not a scientific study of all normal people, but the treatment of disorders, such as abnormal behavior, personality disorders and other problems.
2. Research direction
Psychoanalysis does not lay particular stress on the scientific research of traditional psychology, such as cognition, logical thinking and other obvious mental state problems. It only focuses on the discussion of subconsciousness, carnal desire, subjective factors and personality traits, so it is also called deep psychology.
3. Characteristics
The basic theory is closely related to the consultation and treatment of mental state. It is a key basic theory of the consultation of mental state, and it also provides practical guidance and implementation methods for the consultation and treatment of mental state.