Whether you want to pick the ball or not, how can you dream? Freud, a psychological state scholar, discusses the cause and analysis of dreams. In addition, Freud's basic theory of psychoanalysis is also one of his typical basic theories.
1、 An analysis of Freud's dream
1. Freud's interpretation of dreams includes:
1.1 subjective factors of dreams: dreams are impulsive considerations. People have certain expectations and can't complete them in practice. Therefore, they place their hopes on the dream mirror.
1.2. The theme and source of dream: the key experience of objective facts and spiritual essence.
1.3 the whole process of dream work: condensation; moving; assembly.
2. The way of dream analysis
Divide the dream, infer the meaning from each key point, and then summarize all kinds of meanings to get the real intention of the dreamer.
For example, a woman said to herself, "I saw Carl (his nephew) die in front of my eyes. He was lying in a small coffin with his hands crossed in front of me. He lit a candle around him. This scene is the same as when little Bert (Carl's brother) died. His death is really a blow to the head. "
Situation: this woman has no parents since childhood, and was raised by her sister. Later, she fell in love with a professor friend of her sister, but she can't join hands with her sister because of her resistance. Not long after his death, little Bert left his sister to live on his own. She was worried about the professor, because her sister's resistance did not get close to him.
Duke Zhou's dream: on the day of Burt's funeral, the woman saw the professor again. If Carl died now, the woman would return to her elder sister, and the professor would go to her elder sister's place to mourn, so she could see the professor.
Statement: what women expect is not Carl's death, but to see the professor again. The plot of a dream is generally a renovation of the past objective facts (especially the key and deeply touching objective facts), which is not unreasonably delusional. Therefore, in her dream, the woman chooses the funeral of her nephew to meet the professor again.
3. The way of dream analysis
3.1 representative method
Take the content of the dream as a whole, and look for another thing that can be understood and is similar to the original content at some levels to replace it. But this kind of way can't express when it comes to things that can't be understood and confused.
3.2 encoding and decoding method
Think of dream as a login password system software. Every object in the dream is a metaphor for a certain kind of object in reality, and every posture in the dream matches the expected posture in the dream. Freud paid attention to the concept of "dividing the key points in the whole process of dreams".
2、 Freud's basic theory of Psychoanalysis
The basic theory of Freud's psychoanalysis is his theory in the subconscious. Freud gradually developed and perfected his psychoanalysis theory along this case clue, which is a brilliant achievement in the process of people's self-knowledge.
1. Research objects
Psychoanalysis is not a scientific study of all normal people, but the treatment of disorders, such as abnormal behavior, personality disorders and other problems.
2. Research direction
Psychoanalysis does not lay particular stress on the scientific research of traditional psychology, such as cognition, logical thinking and other obvious mental state problems. It only focuses on the discussion of subconsciousness, carnal desire, subjective factors and personality traits, so it is also called deep psychology.
The basic theory is closely related to the consultation and treatment of mental state. It is a key basic theory of the consultation of mental state, and it also provides practical guidance and implementation methods for the consultation and treatment of mental state.